Hive

If you are new to beekeeping this diagram is a good starting point for understanding the different parts of the hive.

Roof

Covered with metal to help protect your hive from rain and harsh conditions.

Crown Board

Creates dead air space which insulates against heat and cold as well as helping with ventilation, and allows for bees to move above the frames using correct bee space.

Frames

Each frame consists of a top bar, bottom bar or bars and two end bars. Frame size varies according to the hive type and size of the box used.

Foundation

Sheets of either beeswax or beeswax coated plastic that are embossed with honeycomb pattern, placed inside each frame to form a base for the wax comb created by the bees.

Super

A wooden box normally containing frames which are used by the bees to store honey. The number of supers used depends on the strength and longevity of the nectar flow.

Super

A second super for addition honey stores.

Queen Excluder

A device made of plastic or metal which allows worker bees to pass through but excludes the queen and drones. Used to confine the queen to a specific part of the hive; usually the brood box so she does not lay brood in the honey supers.

Queen Brood Box

A wooden box (normally deeper than the Supers) containing frames which are used as the brood chamber for the queen to lay eggs. Some beekeepers use more than one Brood Box to create a larger brood chamber.

Floor

The floor creates the bottom entrance to the hive. These come as either solid or screened floor. Screened floors assist with pest management within the hive.

Hive Stand

Sloping hive stand helps bees with landing at the busy front entrance.

The Hive

If you are new to beekeeping this diagram is a good starting point for understanding the different parts of the hive. From the roof and crown board, through boxes and queen excluders down to screen floors and stands, Bee Equipment has everything you need to get started.

Crown Board [B] Creates dead air space which insulates against heat and cold as well as helping with ventilation, and allows for bees to move above the frames using correct bee space.

Super [E & F] A wooden box normally containing frames which are used by the bees to store honey. The number of supers used depends on the strength and longevity of the nectar flow. Only one type of super (shallow or normal) is normally used at a time.

Queen Excluder [G] A device made of plastic or metal which allows worker bees to pass through but excludes the queen and drones. Used to confine the queen to a specific part of the hive; usually the brood box so she does not lay brood in the honey supers.

Feeder (not shown) A device used to feed bees when natural nectar is not available. Many different feeder styles are available that can be located above, within, or in front of the brood box.

Hive Stand [J] Sloping hive stand helps bees with landing at the busy front entrance.

Roof [A] Covered with metal to help protect your hive from rain and harsh conditions.

Frames [C] Each frame consists of a top bar, bottom bar or bars and two end bars. Frame size varies according to the hive type and size of the box used. Frames also come in a one piece plastic frame and foundation design.

Foundation [D] Sheets of either beeswax or beeswax coated plastic that are embossed with honey comb pattern. A foundation sheet with a cell pattern is placed inside each frame to form a base for the wax comb created by the bees.

Brood Box [H] A wooden box (normally deeper than the Supers) containing frames which are used as the brood chamber for the queen to lay eggs. Some beekeepers use more than one Brood Box to create a larger brood chamber.

Floor [I] The floor creates the bottom entrance to the hive. These come as either solid or screened floor. Screened floors assist with pest management within the hive.